[15] The circular economy is at least 7 years in the making

While the circular economy is a hot topic today, its origins date back to the beginning of this decade when the Commission launched its roadmap to a resource-efficient Europe. Noteworthy in the roadmap are 18 milestones to be achieved by 2020, such as for example the phase-out of environmentally harmful subsidies, 1% annual reduction in GHG emissions, a 2% building renovation rate, and international action on resource efficiency. While several of these milestones are unlikely to be met, they all set a course that remains worth pursuing. The 2011 roadmap can be revisited through this link: https://copper.fyi/tip15